مردم شناسی

 Anthropological Research Center (ARC)

Iran enjoys a very long history in anthropological researches. Historically speaking, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī can be considered one of the Iranian pioneers of anthropology in the 10th century.   Some centuries later, a modern form of anthropology was practiced in Iran. Now, enjoying more than eighty years of a rich background, the present Anthropological Research Center (ARC) was established in 1989 as one of the five Research Centers of RICHT.

 

Departments

·          Anthropological Studies of Ethnic Cultures and Anthropology of Religion

·         Anthropological Studies of Cultural Iran and Inter-Generation Studies

·         Applied and Environmental Anthropology

Aims & Duties

·       Applied anthropological studies about environmental crisis in Iran such as drought, air pollution, etc. and the negative backlash such as rural migration to urban areas.

·       Anthropological studies about consumption such as the use of water by people in cities and villages.

·       Ethnographic collection and anthropological analysis of indigenous and cultural knowledge.

·       Ethnographic collection and anthropological studies of intangible cultures such as folktales, ethnic music, games and plays, folk arts, etc.

·       Beginning the national project, an anthropological and ethnographic atlas of Iranian urban and rural cultures, across Iran and in all cultural areas and Iranian ethnic group regions.

·       Providing anthropological guidelines for producing cultural goods that acculturate and reinforce national identity and some values such as peace and cultural diversity, etc.

·       Writing and publication of encyclopedias about different dimensions of Iranian culture such as pictorial encyclopedia of Iranian rituals, encyclopedia of Iranian foods, encyclopedia of Iranian ethnic cultures, and so forth.

·       Anthropological studies on cultural diversity in Iran and its conceptualization  based on field data and a contextual definition.

·       Anthropological studies about Iranian cloth among different ethnic groups and an effort to establish a national museum of Iranian ethnic groups’ cloth.

·       Anthropological studies about cultural behaviors and interactions of people of different regions, inside and outside Iran with Iranian people.

·       Anthropology of disasters such as Bam earthquake and car accidents on Iranian roadways.

 

Future Aims

·       Anthropological studies on cultural heritage with greater emphasis on relationships between cultural heritage and identity, natural heritage and identity, policies of cultural heritage, vandalism against cultural heritage, cultural ways, the ways of passing on cultural heritage to a new generation and anthropological studies of inter-generation topics. 

·       Anthropological studies of public sphere and cultural heritage with a focus on sport and rituals, and sources of identity in two modern and traditional forms that are related to rituals and sports.

·       Medical anthropology: cultural implications of illness in two cultural areas of urban and rural life, women and health, anthropological studies of cancer, death and its implications.

·       Continental contact and interactions between Iran and other parts of the world, with an emphasis on the Caspian Sea and , the Persian Gulf to connect to other parts of the world like Africa, India, etc.

·       Anthropological studies on foodstuff and food consumption with an emphasis on food and identity, food and tourism, and food and market.

·       Anthropological studies on language with an emphasis on literature and identity, and bilingual people and identity.

·       Anthropological studies on environment problems such as drought.

·       Anthropological studies on pilgrimage and death.

·       Anthropological studies on indigenous knowledge of rural areas.

·       Anthropological studies on cloth.

·       Anthropological studies on Iranian diaspora abroad with a focus on the definition of identity. 

Accomplished Projects

·       These include a number of conferences such as Anthropology of Death, Narrated Heritage, Iranian New Year as the Heritage of Peace, Tehran in the Mirror of Iran;

·       ARC has three journals; one in Persian, the Scholarly Journal of People and Culture and recently two English Journals, the Scholarly Journal of Anthropological and Cultural Studies of Persianate Societies and the Message of ICHTO

Completion of 300 ethnographic researches and 250 anthropological studies since1989 in different parts of Iran

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