Alireza Khosrozadeh, head of the exploration team was quoted by the Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) on Tuesday as saying that based on the numerous surfacial findings it seems that settlement in the area basically belonged to the Sassanid period although a number of Parthian pottery and copper and stone have been also discovered on the surface of the hill.
He added: “The first season of exploration of the area was conducted with an aim of preventing its destruction and plunder of cultural materials by the profiteers of ancient works and academic training of the students through scientific exploration methods and registration of the discovered works in the exploration through the joint cooperation of the delegation from Shahr-e Kord University and Cultural Heritage Department of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province.”
The archaeologist said: “One of the most important theoretical targets of the exploration operation in Bard-e Nakoun Hill is to find out the interactions of human societies in that region and its neighboring areas, understanding specifications and function of the relatively large building in the area.”
Khosrozadeh who is a faculty member of Shahr-e Kord University referred to finding the settlement periods and clarification of the cultural sequences in the area and gaining access to more detailed information in relation with the economic system of Farsan people in the Parthian and the Sassanid periods as other targets of the explorations.
He pointed to the abundant number of holes excavated by unauthorized traffickers the diameters of some of which measure 5 to 8 meters and a depth of 10 meters and reiterated that most part of the area had been destroyed and only few sections are relatively intact.
He further remarked that because of the holes drilled for architectural structures the area has been severely destroyed to the extent that in the explored sections which included two 10X10 trenches this amount of destruction could be easily seen.
Khosrozadeh noted that based on the explorations in the first season and the discovered architectural remains, construction in the area has been made by using raw and baked red, gray and white adobes with dimensions of 10 x 40 x 40 cm and 7 x 37.5 x 37.5 cm and bricks.
He said what was found out in the first season of exploration in the area was signs of plenty of mud seals which is indicative of the trade and economic importance in that area.
According to the archaeologist, the number of the mud seals beside the massive adobe and brick structures also show that the area had been one of the active administrative, economic and commercial centers of the Sassanid period in southwest of Iran.
The faculty member of Shahr-e Kord University further added: “Study of the seals is highly important in finding out provincial and administrative division as well as the names of places and people in that section of the Sassanid Empire about which so far we have had no information.”
The archaeologist reiterated that in the explorations of the first season a number of metal and glass objects as well as a coin have been discovered.
Bard-e Nakoun Hill is situated 2.4 km southeast of Dah Cheshmeh village in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province on a nearly oval-shaped hill.
He said based on the dispersion of the numerous findings on the surface the span of the area is a circle with a diameter of 150 meters and the height of the top of the hill from the floor of the plain is also 20 meters.
The first season of exploration in Bard-e Nakoun Hill was conducted upon a permit obtained from the head of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) under the supervision of Alireza Khosrozadeh (faculty member of Shahr-e Kord University) and Ali Asghar Norouzi (faculty member of the Research Institute of Archeology).